Comprehensive Eye Exam

Comprehensive Eye Exam Specialist
A recent survey from Johns Hopkins University and the University of Chicago indicates that Americans fear losing their vision more than losing hearing, speech, memory, or even a limb. South Shore Eye Care focuses on prevention, education, and early detection in hopes of ensuring that no patient in Wantagh and Massapequa, New York, has to endure preventable loss of eyesight. All you have to do is schedule an annual comprehensive eye exam and show up. The doctors at South Shore Eye Care will do the rest.

Comprehensive Eye Exam Q & A

How Often are Eye Exams Recommended?

The frequency at which you should have an eye exam depends on your age and risk level. Infants and children up to age 5 should have an eye exam at six months of age and again at 3 years old. Children ages 6-18 should have an exam before first grade and then every other year after that.

In the pediatric population, patients who are at risk of vision problems should follow their doctor’s recommendations for exam frequency. At-risk children include those:

  • Who were born prematurely or with complications
  • Whose mother had an infection during pregnancy
  • With a family history of genetic eye disease
  • With central nervous system dysfunction, strabismus, or anisometropia


In adults up to age 60, vision exams are recommended every other year if you’re asymptomatic and yearly if you have symptoms, wear glasses or contact lenses, or are at risk of eye disease. Adults age 61 and older should have an exam annually.

What is the Ophthalmologist Looking For?

During your comprehensive exam, the ophthalmologist is checking the following:

  • Your medical history, including any current diagnoses and medications, and your family medical history
  • Your visual acuity (how well you see at different distances)
  • Your ocular motility, or eye movements, which can help identify conditions like lazy eye and cross-eyes
  • Your eyeglasses or contact lens prescription
  • Your intraocular pressure (IOP)

If abnormalities are noted, your doctor might recommend further testing in order to reach a conclusion diagnosis or draft the most effective treatment plan.

Should I Schedule My Appointment With an Optometrist or Ophthalmologist?

The difference between an optometrist and ophthalmologist is their level of education and training and their scope of work. Both can perform eye exams, but only an ophthalmologist can perform eye surgery. Additionally, many patients suffering from complex or serious eye disease are referred to ophthalmologists for diagnosis and treatment.

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